The story of the Companions of the Cave with the young men living in 7 caves, which is narrated in both Islam and Christianity. Ephesians spent an incredible 300 years in a cave in a city called Ephesus to protect themselves from religious persecution around 250 AD.
Every year on August 4 and October 22 the Byzantines hold a banquet in their memory. A story is narrated in Surah Al-Kahf, verses 9 to 26 of the Qur’an, which is important for Islam. Also the Companions have placed Kahaf as the equivalent of 309 lunar years and the equivalent of 300 solar years. Since the Companions Kahaf have been narrated in both Christianity and Islam and both religions have different stories. In Islam, however, it is mentioned that a dog enters a cave at the same time as a young man. And keeps an eye on young people for a long time. In Islam, these young men are called cavemen.
Many historians believe that this version of the oldest story from the Syrian bishop Jacob Sarg has reached the people.
The story of the cave companions is mentioned in Surah 18 (verses 9-26). According to Muslim scholars, Allah revealed these verses because the people of Makkah challenged Muhammad with the questions they posed to the Jews of Medina to verify their authenticity.
They asked him about the young men of the past who had disappeared, about the man who had traveled from earth to east, about Zulkarnain and the soul.
Consistent with the Christian version of this story, it tells the story of a group of young believers who opposed their king from worshiping others on the side of God and took refuge in a cave, which caused them to fall asleep for a long time.
When they woke up they thought they had been asleep for a day or two, and they sent one of them back to town for food.
They reveal the coins of old fairy tales to these young men near the city. Shortly after their discovery, the people of the caves (the Qur’an calls them) died and the people living in their cities built places of worship in their graveyards (caves). The Qur’an did not give them the exact number.
It mentions that some people will say they are three, others say five and some will say seven in addition to one dog and they have slept for 300 years, and 9 more years, (meaning 300 solar years or 309 lunar years i.e. 300 solar years). And is equal to 309 lunar years). The Qur’an emphasizes that their number is known only to God and to a few people.
This has also been explained by Islamic scholars. The Qur’an says that, even if people investigate further, do not argue and the number of men in the cave and the number of years are not important; Rather, knowledge or lesson, resurrection is the key.
The story of a group of fugitive youths, a cave and three centuries of sleep – the story of the Companions of the Cave – was not only a very popular event among Muslims, but also a very popular and miraculous event among Christians. Along with this story told in the Qur’an, the Syrian episode and the city in which this happened – we will try to discuss in this article.
It should be noted at the outset that since this incident is narrated in the Qur’an, the beliefs of Muslims are deeply involved in it. Many readers have complained that only Islamic formulas will be used when narrating and interpreting the verses of the Qur’an, in which case the fourteenth volume of Tafsir Ibn Kathir’s Bengali translation has been used.
However, the events described in the Qur’an will be given a few centuries before the revelation of the Qur’an and its details will be given, so we will use the local Syrian legends of the 5th century, just as it was recorded. The difference between the stories will be apparent then.